How does Lymphoma Cancer lead to the end of life?
There are a number of things that can happen to your body as you come towards the end of your life.
Bone marrow failure
Lymphoma Cancer often involves the bone marrow.Lymphoma Cancer can cause death when it affects the bone marrow to such an extent that you are unable to make new blood cells.
- Neutropenia: shortage of white blood cells increases your risk of infection. It is quite common for people with severe bone marrow disease to die from an infection (eg chest infection). Severe infection in 1 part of the body can lead to infection in the blood. When this happens, you might lose consciousness.
- Anaemia: shortage of red blood cells prevents your organs from getting enough oxygen to function properly. It can cause shortness of breath, weakness and fatigue.
- Thrombocytopenia: shortage of platelets increases your risk of bleeding and bruising.Bleeding can happen internally (inside your body, eg bleeding in your gut) as well as externally. Internal bleeding can cause serious complications and can be fatal. Thrombocytopenia may also increase your risk of bleeding in the brain, which can cause stroke.
You need a fine balance of salts and chemicals in your bloodstream to function properly. When you are well, your body regulates the levels, so that they are just right.Advanced Lymphoma Cancer can disrupt this fine balance. Tissues affected by Lymphoma Cancer may produce abnormal levels of chemicals and waste products. Normally, the liver and kidneys cope with excess levels of chemicals by removing waste products. If lymphoma stops these organs from functioning as they should, it can lead to an imbalance of chemicals.